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English
vt.驾驶,开动,打入;驱使vi.驾驶n.驾驶
四六级英语 发表于 2006-6-12 1:37:25
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“drive”的推荐解释

drive
/ draIv; draIv/ v (pt drove/ drEUv; drov/, pp driven/ 5drIvn; `drIvEn/) 1 (a) [I, Tn] (be able to) operate (a vehicle or locomotive) and direct its course (能)驾驶(车); 开(火车): Can you drive? 你会开车吗? * He drives a taxi, ie That is his job. 他开计程车. * I drive (ie own) a Rolls-Royce. 我开的是劳斯莱斯汽车. (b) [I, Ipr, Ip] come or go somewhere in a car, van, etc 开车来或去某处: Did you drive (ie come by car)? 你是开车来的吗? * I drive to work. 我开车上班. * Don't stop drive on! 不要停--往前开! =>Usage at travel 用法见travel. (c) [Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p] take (sb) somewhere in a car, taxi, etc 用汽车、 计程车等送(某人)至某处: Could you drive me to the station? 你可以开车送我到车站去吗? 2 [Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p] cause (animals or people) to move in some direction by shouts, blows, threats, etc 驱赶(动物或人): some cattle being driven by a man on a horse 骑马人驱赶著的一群牛 * drive sheep into a field 把羊赶到地里 * They drove the enemy back, ie forced them to retreat. 他们把敌人击退. * (fig 比喻) I was driven out of the club. 我被驱逐出俱乐部. 3 [Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p] (of wind or water) carry (sth) along (指风或水)卷, 刮, 冲, 冲(某物): Huge waves drove the yacht onto the rocks. 巨浪把游艇卷到岩石上. * dead leaves driven along by the wind 风刮起的枯叶. 4 [I, Ipr] move rapidly or violently 急速地或猛烈地运动: driving rain, hail, snow, etc 如注的大雨、 猛烈的冰雹、 纷飞的大雪 * The waves drove against the shore. 波浪冲击著岸边. 5 [Tn.pr] (a) force (sth) to go in a specified direction or into a specified position 迫使(某物)移动或进入某位置; 打; 敲; 击; 戳; 拧: drive a nail into wood, a stake into the ground, etc 把钉子钉入木中、 把桩打进地里 * (fig 比喻) drive a proposal through Parliament 迫使议会通过一项建议. (b) construct (sth) with difficulty (吃力地)建造(某物): drive a new motorway across a mountain range. 奋力修筑穿越山地的高速公路. * They drove a tunnel through the rock. 他们凿通一条穿过岩石的隧道. 6 (a) [Tn, Tn.p] force (sb) to act 迫使(某人)行动: A man driven by jealousy is capable of anything. 嫉妒心可使人什麽都做得出来. * The urge to survive drove them on. 求生的欲望驱使他们继续努力. (b) [Tn.pr, Cn.a, Cn.t] cause or compel (sb) to be in a specified state or do a specified thing 使或逼(某人)处於某种状态或做某事: drive sb crazy/to insanity/out of his mind 将某人逼疯[使某人精神失常/使某人丧失理智] * Hunger drove her to steal. 饥饿逼得她行窃. (c) [Tn] make (sb) work very hard, esp too hard 使(某人)努力(尤指过分): Unless he stops driving himself like this he'll have a breakdown. 他要是总这样拚命干下去是吃不消的. * He drives the team relentlessly. 他无情地鞭策全队苦练. 7 [I, Ipr, Tn, Tn.pr] (sport 体) hit and send (a ball, etc) forward with force, esp in tennis, golf or cricket 猛击, 猛抽(尤指网球、 高尔夫球或板球): drive (the ball) into the rough (将球)击入深草区 * He drove beautifully, ie played this stroke well. 他这一球击得很漂亮. 8 [Tn esp passive 尤用於被动语态] (of electricity or some other power) keep (machinery) going (指电力或其他动力)驱动, 推动: a steam-driven engine 蒸汽机. 9 (idm 习语) be driving at (always with what as the object 必须以what作宾语) be trying to do or say 意在; 意指; 打算: What are you driving at? 你是什麽意思呢? * I wish I knew what they were really driving at. 我希望我能知道他们真实的意图. drive a coach and horses through sth disregard (eg a law or rule) in an obvious and a serious way without being punished, usu because of a loophole 钻(法律或规章的)空子. drive a hard `bargain insist on the best possible price, arrangements, etc when negotiating with sb 极力讨价还价?w. drive sth home (to sb) make sb realize sth, esp by saying it often, loudly, angrily, etc 使某人充分认识或理解某事物(尤指经常地、 大声地、 愤怒地说): drive one's point home 阐明自己的观点 * I drove home to him that he must be here by ten. 我跟他说得清清楚楚: 他必须十点钟以前到这里. drive sth into sb's `head make sb remember sth, esp with difficulty (尤指费力地)使某人记住某事. drive sb to `drink (esp joc 尤作戏谑语) make sb so worried, frustrated, etc that he starts drinking too much alcohol 使得某人借酒浇愁: Working here is enough to drive anyone to drink. 在这里干活足可以逼得人以喝酒解烦. drive a wedge between A and B make (friends, colleagues, etc) quarrel or start disliking each other 挑拨(朋友、 同事等)不合或互相厌恶; 造成分裂. let drive (at sb) hit or aim blows at sb 打击某人; 朝某人打去. needs must when the devil drives => needs. pure as the driven snow => pure. 10 (phr v) drive sb back on sth force sb to use (resources, methods, etc) he would prefer to avoid using 迫使某人使用他本不愿用的(资源、 方法等). drive off (a) (of a driver, car, etc) leave (指驾驶人、 汽车等)开走, 离开. (b) (in golf) hit the ball to begin a game (高尔夫球戏中)发球. drive sb off take sb away in a car, etc 用汽车等把某人送走. drive sb/sth off defeat or chase away (an enemy or an attack) 击败, 击退(敌人或攻势).
牛津英汉双解词典 发表于 2006-9-18 17:17:30
drive
/ draIv; draIv/ n 1 [C] journey in a car, van, etc 乘汽车等之行: Let's go for a drive in the country. 我们开车到郊野去兜兜风吧. * He took her out for a drive. 他开车带她出去兜风. * a forty minute, an hour's, a fifteen mile, etc drive 四十分钟、 一小时、 十五英里等的驾驶路程. 2 [C] (US usu 美式英语通常作 `driveway) private road, etc by which vehicles can approach a house from the road or street (通往住宅的)私人车道. =>illus at App 1 见附录1之插图, page vii. 3 [C] (sport 体) stroke made by driving in tennis, golf, cricket, etc (网球、 高尔夫球、 板球等的)猛击, 猛抽. 4 [U] energy; ability to get things done 干劲; 能力; 魄力: Our sales people need determination and drive. 我们的推销人员需要有决心和干劲. 5 [C, U] (psychology 心) desire to attain a goal or satisfy a need 欲望; 内驱力: (a) strong sexual drive 强烈的性欲. 6 [C] (a) organized effort or campaign to achieve sth (为达到某目的而展开的)运动, 攻势: a `sales, a re`cruiting, an `export, etc drive 推销、 徵兵、 出口等运动. (b) series of military attacks 一系列的军事攻击. 7 [C] (Brit) social gathering to play card-games 玩纸牌的聚会: a `bridge/`whist drive 玩桥牌[惠斯特牌]的聚会. 8 [C, U] (apparatus for the) transmission of power to machinery 传动或驱动(装置): electric, belt, fluid, etc drive 电力、 皮带、 液压等传动 * front-/rear-/ four-wheel `drive, ie where the engine makes the front, rear, or all four wheels turn 前轮[後轮/四轮]驱动 * a car with left-hand drive, ie with the steering wheel and other controls on the left 方向盘在左边的汽车 * [attrib 作定语] the `drive shaft 驱动轴; 主动轴.
牛津英汉双解词典 发表于 2006-9-18 17:17:31
drive
/ draIv; draIv/ n 1 [C] journey in a car, van, etc 乘汽车等之行: Let's go for a drive in the country. 我们开车到郊野去兜兜风吧. * He took her out for a drive. 他开车带她出去兜风. * a forty minute, an hour's, a fifteen mile, etc drive 四十分钟、 一小时、 十五英里等的驾驶路程. 2 [C] (US usu 美式英语通常作 `driveway) private road, etc by which vehicles can approach a house from the road or street (通往住宅的)私人车道. =>illus at App 1 见附录1之插图, page vii. 3 [C] (sport 体) stroke made by driving in tennis, golf, cricket, etc (网球、 高尔夫球、 板球等的)猛击, 猛抽. 4 [U] energy; ability to get things done 干劲; 能力; 魄力: Our sales people need determination and drive. 我们的推销人员需要有决心和干劲. 5 [C, U] (psychology 心) desire to attain a goal or satisfy a need 欲望; 内驱力: (a) strong sexual drive 强烈的性欲. 6 [C] (a) organized effort or campaign to achieve sth (为达到某目的而展开的)运动, 攻势: a `sales, a re`cruiting, an `export, etc drive 推销、 徵兵、 出口等运动. (b) series of military attacks 一系列的军事攻击. 7 [C] (Brit) social gathering to play card-games 玩纸牌的聚会: a `bridge/`whist drive 玩桥牌[惠斯特牌]的聚会. 8 [C, U] (apparatus for the) transmission of power to machinery 传动或驱动(装置): electric, belt, fluid, etc drive 电力、 皮带、 液压等传动 * front-/rear-/ four-wheel `drive, ie where the engine makes the front, rear, or all four wheels turn 前轮[後轮/四轮]驱动 * a car with left-hand drive, ie with the steering wheel and other controls on the left 方向盘在左边的汽车 * [attrib 作定语] the `drive shaft 驱动轴; 主动轴.
牛津英汉双解词典 发表于 2006-9-18 17:17:31
drive
/ draIv; draIv/ v (pt drove/ drEUv; drov/, pp driven/ 5drIvn; `drIvEn/) 1 (a) [I, Tn] (be able to) operate (a vehicle or locomotive) and direct its course (能)驾驶(车); 开(火车): Can you drive? 你会开车吗? * He drives a taxi, ie That is his job. 他开计程车. * I drive (ie own) a Rolls-Royce. 我开的是劳斯莱斯汽车. (b) [I, Ipr, Ip] come or go somewhere in a car, van, etc 开车来或去某处: Did you drive (ie come by car)? 你是开车来的吗? * I drive to work. 我开车上班. * Don't stop drive on! 不要停--往前开! =>Usage at travel 用法见travel. (c) [Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p] take (sb) somewhere in a car, taxi, etc 用汽车、 计程车等送(某人)至某处: Could you drive me to the station? 你可以开车送我到车站去吗? 2 [Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p] cause (animals or people) to move in some direction by shouts, blows, threats, etc 驱赶(动物或人): some cattle being driven by a man on a horse 骑马人驱赶著的一群牛 * drive sheep into a field 把羊赶到地里 * They drove the enemy back, ie forced them to retreat. 他们把敌人击退. * (fig 比喻) I was driven out of the club. 我被驱逐出俱乐部. 3 [Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p] (of wind or water) carry (sth) along (指风或水)卷, 刮, 冲, 冲(某物): Huge waves drove the yacht onto the rocks. 巨浪把游艇卷到岩石上. * dead leaves driven along by the wind 风刮起的枯叶. 4 [I, Ipr] move rapidly or violently 急速地或猛烈地运动: driving rain, hail, snow, etc 如注的大雨、 猛烈的冰雹、 纷飞的大雪 * The waves drove against the shore. 波浪冲击著岸边. 5 [Tn.pr] (a) force (sth) to go in a specified direction or into a specified position 迫使(某物)移动或进入某位置; 打; 敲; 击; 戳; 拧: drive a nail into wood, a stake into the ground, etc 把钉子钉入木中、 把桩打进地里 * (fig 比喻) drive a proposal through Parliament 迫使议会通过一项建议. (b) construct (sth) with difficulty (吃力地)建造(某物): drive a new motorway across a mountain range. 奋力修筑穿越山地的高速公路. * They drove a tunnel through the rock. 他们凿通一条穿过岩石的隧道. 6 (a) [Tn, Tn.p] force (sb) to act 迫使(某人)行动: A man driven by jealousy is capable of anything. 嫉妒心可使人什麽都做得出来. * The urge to survive drove them on. 求生的欲望驱使他们继续努力. (b) [Tn.pr, Cn.a, Cn.t] cause or compel (sb) to be in a specified state or do a specified thing 使或逼(某人)处於某种状态或做某事: drive sb crazy/to insanity/out of his mind 将某人逼疯[使某人精神失常/使某人丧失理智] * Hunger drove her to steal. 饥饿逼得她行窃. (c) [Tn] make (sb) work very hard, esp too hard 使(某人)努力(尤指过分): Unless he stops driving himself like this he'll have a breakdown. 他要是总这样拚命干下去是吃不消的. * He drives the team relentlessly. 他无情地鞭策全队苦练. 7 [I, Ipr, Tn, Tn.pr] (sport 体) hit and send (a ball, etc) forward with force, esp in tennis, golf or cricket 猛击, 猛抽(尤指网球、 高尔夫球或板球): drive (the ball) into the rough (将球)击入深草区 * He drove beautifully, ie played this stroke well. 他这一球击得很漂亮. 8 [Tn esp passive 尤用於被动语态] (of electricity or some other power) keep (machinery) going (指电力或其他动力)驱动, 推动: a steam-driven engine 蒸汽机. 9 (idm 习语) be driving at (always with what as the object 必须以what作宾语) be trying to do or say 意在; 意指; 打算: What are you driving at? 你是什麽意思呢? * I wish I knew what they were really driving at. 我希望我能知道他们真实的意图. drive a coach and horses through sth disregard (eg a law or rule) in an obvious and a serious way without being punished, usu because of a loophole 钻(法律或规章的)空子. drive a hard `bargain insist on the best possible price, arrangements, etc when negotiating with sb 极力讨价还价?w. drive sth home (to sb) make sb realize sth, esp by saying it often, loudly, angrily, etc 使某人充分认识或理解某事物(尤指经常地、 大声地、 愤怒地说): drive one's point home 阐明自己的观点 * I drove home to him that he must be here by ten. 我跟他说得清清楚楚: 他必须十点钟以前到这里. drive sth into sb's `head make sb remember sth, esp with difficulty (尤指费力地)使某人记住某事. drive sb to `drink (esp joc 尤作戏谑语) make sb so worried, frustrated, etc that he starts drinking too much alcohol 使得某人借酒浇愁: Working here is enough to drive anyone to drink. 在这里干活足可以逼得人以喝酒解烦. drive a wedge between A and B make (friends, colleagues, etc) quarrel or start disliking each other 挑拨(朋友、 同事等)不合或互相厌恶; 造成分裂. let drive (at sb) hit or aim blows at sb 打击某人; 朝某人打去. needs must when the devil drives => needs. pure as the driven snow => pure. 10 (phr v) drive sb back on sth force sb to use (resources, methods, etc) he would prefer to avoid using 迫使某人使用他本不愿用的(资源、 方法等). drive off (a) (of a driver, car, etc) leave (指驾驶人、 汽车等)开走, 离开. (b) (in golf) hit the ball to begin a game (高尔夫球戏中)发球. drive sb off take sb away in a car, etc 用汽车等把某人送走. drive sb/sth off defeat or chase away (an enemy or an attack) 击败, 击退(敌人或攻势).
牛津英汉双解词典 发表于 2006-9-18 17:17:30

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